The emergence of resistance and rejection of antibiotics, coupled with their inadecuate use in animal production, has forced meat producers to seek new strategies to pugmeat food that minimizes any risk to public health.
One of the main problemas pigmeat producers are encountering at the industrial leve lis antibiotic ressistance. In addition, if we ad to this the inappropriate use of these, people who work in this sector are forced to seek new strategies aimed at minimizing the public health risk.
Improving the conditions of management, biosecurity, feeding and welfare of animals on the farm can contribute to these purposes, since it allows an improvement in the sanitary status of the animals and contributes to a more rational use of veterinary medicines.
The indirect consecuences of antibiotic ressistance have so much impact on public health and have wide spread effects on both; the global and local economy, with losses due to lower productivity due to animal diseases and increassed treatment costs.
Galicia has one million head of pigs, of which about 380.000 are bait animals (MAGRAMA, 2016); in terms off tons of meat produced, pug sector covers the third place, behind the poultry and beef sectors (Xunta de Galicia, 2017).
This level of production is a consecuence of a high degree of intensification, which leads to problems such as mortality in young animals, tensión (Manteca, 2011) and the ease of spreading deseases in the herds. Relaxation in the use of good hygienic practices has resulted in the most frecuent measure to solve these problems being the use of antbiotics.
In order to advance a solution to this problema and mitigate the impact on animal and human health, multiple tests will be carried out, in collaboration with local pig producers (COPORC, S.C.G.) and based on the feeding and handing of animals in the fattening phase, to adapt the production system to the new legal requirements, aimed at reducing the use of antibiotics in animal feed, which will allow a meat with a differential quality, produced and quoted without antibiotics.
The final objective of this project will be the elimination of antibiotic additction in the diet of pigs in industrial cycle, in their last three monts of life. To achieve this will be necessary:
During the process a follow-up will be carried out in different pig farms, where the suppression of antibiotics during the fattening phase will be tested, combining an improvement in the biosecurity of the farms and an improvement in general level of handing following of our main guide lines:
The best guidelines will be identified in order to extrapolate them and disseminate them in the productive sector, carrying out transfer and advisorty actions within it. The animals that form of part of the study will be monitored periodically by means of various analyses to check that they are not being given antibiotics in a preventive and generalissed manner. Any animal that has to be giben antibiotics will be removed from the trial.
If the results are satisfactory, an attempt shoud be made to extend the time taken to eliminate antibiotics, so as to reduce as far as posible their use in pig farming.
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